[ti:Push to Oust US Troops from Iraq Considered Risky] [by:www.51星和彩票.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:00.04]Pro-Iranian groups in Iraq are leading efforts to oust American military forces from the country. [00:09.00]The campaign is gaining strength following the American airstrike at Baghdad's airport last Friday. [00:17.96]That attack killed Iranian General Qassem Soleimani and Iraqi militia leaders. [00:25.52]In a vote Sunday, Iraqi lawmakers called on the government [00:29.84]to remove the 5,200 American troops now in the country. [00:36.60]The path forward is unclear and observers are warning [00:41.32]that ending the United States' 17-year military presence in Iraq carries risks. [00:49.68]Iraqis were starting to recover from a four-year war against the Islamic State (IS) group [00:56.00]when mass protests against the country's rulers began October 1. [01:02.40]The unrest led to the resignation of Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi two months later. [01:10.84]However, a replacement has not been made and Abdul-Mahdi remains in office. [01:17.88]An American troop withdrawal could affect the fight against IS militants and enable them to make a comeback. [01:26.52]Fighters allied with the group often carry out attacks in northern and western Iraq. [01:34.16]Iraqi forces depend on the U.S. military for weapons and equipment in their operations against them. [01:43.60]An American withdrawal could also enable Iran to deepen its influence in Iraq, [01:50.16]which like Iran, is a majority Shiite country. [01:55.48]Ibrahim Bayram, a political observer from Lebanon, said a withdrawal [02:00.64]will, "increase the complications inside Iraq, the conflicts and contradictions ... [02:06.72]and the clash, both political and non-political, between the Iranians and Americans." [02:15.24]The vote in parliament on Sunday requires Iraqi government approval to remove the American troops. [02:23.16]It is evidence of the worsening in relations between the countries, [02:28.04]at a time of rising tensions between the United States and Iran. [02:34.20]U.S. forces withdrew from Iraq in 2011 but returned in 2014 [02:40.56]at the invitation of the government to help battle the Islamic State group. [02:46.32]The extremists had seized large areas in the north and west of the country after Iraq's armed forces collapsed. [02:56.40]A U.S.-led coalition provided air support as Iraqi forces, including Iran-supported militias, [03:04.28]regrouped and drove IS out in a costly three-year campaign. [03:11.48]Following the defeat of IS in 2017, pressure grew, [03:16.04]especially among groups loyal to Iran, for the withdrawal of U.S. forces. [03:22.56]The U.S. airstrike last week at Baghdad's airport fueled anger. [03:29.52]Abdul-Mahdi asked parliament on Sunday to take "urgent measures" [03:34.92]to ensure the removal of foreign forces from the country. [03:40.12]Many Sunni and Kurdish legislators boycotted the parliament meeting. [03:46.56]They oppose cancelling the deal with the Americans. [03:51.16]Most of the lawmakers who voted were Shiite Muslims. [03:57.20]On Monday, Abdul-Mahdi met with U.S. Ambassador Matthew Tueller. [04:03.72]A statement from the prime minister's office noted the need for the two sides [04:09.16]"to work together to execute the withdrawal of foreign troops from Iraq." [04:16.16]In their meeting, Abdul-Mahdi said the situation in Iraq was "critical" [04:21.76]and that all efforts were being taken to prevent "an open war." [04:27.88]The Iraqi parliament vote angered U.S. President Donald Trump, [04:32.44]who warned Iraq that he would take action if the government expelled American troops. [04:39.40]He said the U.S. would not leave without being paid [04:43.24]for its military investments in Iraq over the years. [04:47.84]"We will charge them sanctions like they've never seen before, ever. [04:53.56]It'll make Iranian sanctions look somewhat tame," Trump said. [05:00.80]I'm Jonathan Evans. 更多听力请访问51VOA.COM