[ti:Japanese Billionaire Gives Away $9 Million in 'Social Experiment'] [by:www.51星和彩票.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:00.04]A Japanese businessman is giving away $9 million [00:06.00]to his followers on social media in what he is calling a "social experiment." [00:13.28]He hopes to see whether the money increases people's overall happiness. [00:19.88]Yusaku Maezawa will give $9,000 to 1,000 followers [00:27.04]chosen at random from people who retweeted his January 1 message on Twitter. [00:34.60]The money's effect on the winners will be studied over time through questionnaires. [00:42.20]"It's a serious social experiment," said the businessman on YouTube, [00:47.72]adding that he hopes it will interest both researchers and economists. [00:54.56]Yusaku Maezawa rose to fame in the Japanese fashion industry at an early age. [01:02.76]He became rich thanks to Zozotown, a website that specializes in clothing sales. [01:11.96]Maezawa is known for his high spending on art and sports cars [01:17.72]but also his love for sharing ideas, like a world without money. [01:24.04]In addition, he was chosen to be the first private passenger [01:29.36]to fly around the moon with Elon Musk's SpaceX. [01:35.44]With his giveaway, Maezawa hopes to spread the idea of basic income, [01:41.48]or the theory of giving periodic payments to all citizens. [01:47.52]The idea has gained attention in some political circles, even in the United States. [01:55.20]A leading supporter is businessman Andrew Yang, [01:59.40]a candidate for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination. [02:05.52]"Basic means a regular minimum amount offering a sense of security. [02:11.24]What Maezawa is offering is totally different," said Toshihiro Nagahama. [02:19.52]He is an economist with the Dai-ichi Life Research Institute. [02:25.92]Maezawa said that since he "has the money and free time" to make the payments, [02:31.64]he is trying to fuel a debate in Japan over the value of a basic income. [02:39.32]The idea of a universal basic income has gained support [02:44.88]because of fears that technology will replace large numbers of jobs. [02:52.32]But for now, that concern is not as big an issue in Japan [02:58.52]with its low unemployment rate, said Nagahama. [03:03.64]This is the second, larger, giveaway by Maezawa. [03:09.36]In November, he got $900 million from the sale of his online fashion business. [03:18.00]Maezawa now has seven million Twitter followers. [03:23.68]His tweets are an interesting mix of subjects, [03:27.88]including his pricy purchases and thoughts on the meaning of life. [03:34.44]He also recently made news headlines after his split from actress girlfriend Ayame Goriki. [03:43.76]These days, he can also be found on YouTube, sharing things like [03:49.48]a look into his private plane and a visit to the barber shop to get his hair colored. [03:57.12]He even shared a video of him working on his finances after the November sale of his company. [04:05.96]The debate over basic income comes as income inequality continues to grow in the United States. [04:14.96]In recent years, some very wealthy Americans have promised to give away most of their wealth. [04:23.36]They include Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates and investor Warren Buffett. [04:30.24]I'm Alice Bryant. 更多听力请访问51VOA.COM